Atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is a long-term inflammation of the skin (dermatitis). It results in itchy, red, swollen, and cracked skin. In children, the areas on the insides of the knees and elbows are most commonly affected. In adults, the hands and feet are most commonly affected. Scratching the affected areas worsens the symptoms, and those affected have an increased risk of skin infections. Many people with atopic dermatitis develop other allergic disorders like hay fever or asthma.

The cause is unknown but, those who live in cities and dry climates are more commonly affected. Exposure to chemicals (e.g. soap) or frequent hand washing makes symptoms worse. While emotional stress may make the symptoms worse, it is not a cause.

Treatment involves avoiding things that make the condition worse (e.g. use of the soap), applying steroid creams when flares occur, and medications to help with itchiness. Things that commonly make it worse include wool clothing, soaps, perfumes, dust, drinking, and cigarette smoke. Antibiotics (either by oral pill or topical cream) may be needed if a bacterial infection develops.

Treatment ― OTC Drugs
Applying an OTC steroid to the affected area and taking an OTC antihistamine are effective. In most cases this is the most important. Various moisturizers can be applied. However, since atopic dermatitis is an immune problem, moisturizers alone cannot solve all problems. Washing the lesions with soap may worsen the symptoms. Most allergic diseases tend to get worse when you can't sleep or are stressed.

* OTC Antihistamine
#Cetirizine [Zytec]
#Diphenhydramine [Benadryl]
#LevoCetirizine [Xyzal]
#Fexofenadine [Allegra]
#Loratadine [Claritin]

* OTC steroid
#Hydrocortisone cream
#Hydrocortisone ointment
#Hydrocortisone lotion

* OTC moisturizer
  • It is commonly found on exposed folds such as the eyelids and neck. Atopic dermatitis can often be caused by hypersensitivity to pollen or mites.
References Atopic Dermatitis 28846349 
Atopic dermatitis (AD), which is a specific form of eczema, is the most common chronic inflammatory skin disease. Atopic dermatitis has a complex etiology including genetic and environmental factors which lead to abnormalities in the epidermis and the immune system.
 Atopic Dermatitis: Diagnosis and Treatment 32412211
The primary treatment for flare-ups of atopic dermatitis is using topical corticosteroids. Pimecrolimus and tacrolimus, which are topical calcineurin inhibitors, can be added to topical corticosteroids as initial treatment. When standard treatments aren't enough, ultraviolet phototherapy is a safe and effective option for moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. Antibiotics targeting Staphylococcus aureus are effective against secondary skin infections. While newer medications (crisaborole and dupilumab) show promise for treating atopic dermatitis, they're currently too expensive for many patients.
 Atopic dermatitis in children 27166464
Atopic dermatitis is a common issue in general practice, especially among children. Prescribing topical steroids for kids with this condition requires a good grasp of it. Getting parents to follow through with treatment involves explaining well, easing their worries about long-term side effects of corticosteroids.